Wednesday, May 20, 2020

The World Set Up By Homer - 754 Words

The world set up by Homer is not easy; the war certainly has no purpose, certainly not for the greater good, but merely part of the blind workings of an unfathomable fate. When warriors die, there does not exist Valkyries singing them to their rest, merely the bleak prospect of an ashen, ghostly, absence of meaning. The Iliad, therefore, presents a collective cavalcade of loss, the endless parade of men, equal in all forms, summoned briefly to the wonders of life only to be consigned to death by the horrors of fate. â€Å"Nothing precious is scorned, whether or not death is its destiny; everyone’s happiness is laid bare without dissimulation or disdain; no man is set above or below the condition common to all men; whatever is destroyed is regretted† (Weil). (introduction sentence) The paradoxical tension at the heart of Homer’s ill-fated vision of war becomes apparent within the first clash of rival armies in Book IV. The preparations for combat by both sides draw attention towards the passionate individuality of the warriors, who by the very nature of the heroic complex, are defined by their participation, or rather success, in battle. As Agamemnon visits the front lines, he calls forth a series of great Achaean heroes: Idomeneus, Nestor, Odysseus, Diomedes, Stehnelus, and Ajax, each of whom is portrayed as the brave, proud, loyal archetypical Homeric hero caught up within this test of excellence. En masse, the Achaean army is seen gathering under the irresistible and alluringShow MoreRelatedSimilarities Between The Underworld Of Homer s Odyssey And That Of Virgil s Aeneid1485 Words   |  6 PagesThe remarkable resemblance between the Underworld of Homer s Odyssey and that of Virgil s Aeneid reveals, upon closer examination, s everal important differences; these adaptations and corrections by Virgil of the Homeric vision lend credence to the Bloomian concept of influence, and show the many-faceted reactions of Virgil to the burden of his eminent precursor. In addition, they provide the reader of the poems with a fascinating basis for comparison, not only between the two poets, but betweenRead MoreAnalysis of October Sky Essay802 Words   |  4 PagesLiving Above Ground The inspirational true story of Homer Hickam in October Sky reminds us all to strive for our goals and never give up, even in the face of adversity. However, Homer was fighting for a great deal in his pursuit of rocketry, he was even fighting for his life. Born in a coal mining town, son of a foreman, Homer seemed destined to work the mine when he grew up. But in October Sky, Homer has to overcome what the mine represents: isolation and death. The life of a coal miner isRead MoreOctober Sky Psychology Write-Up803 Words   |  4 PagesFilm Write-up 1 October Sky is a based on a true story about a mining town called Coalwood and one boy’s journey. Homer Hickam is an adolescent boy whose life has been predetermined by his father, a foreman at the coalmine, to work down in the mines but he has a different plan for his life. In October 1957, everything changes when the first artificial satellite, Sputnik goes into orbit. After he sees the satellite flying across the night’s sky, Homer becomes inspired to learn how to build rocketsRead MoreAnalysis Of Homer s Iliad 1382 Words   |  6 PagesGreece Dr. Kirkland September 5, 2014 Document Analysis The primary documents that will be focused on in this analysis come from Homer’s Iliad. Homer is venerated today as the greatest of Greek epic poets, as his works had a colossal impact on the history of literature. Through his epics, Homer brings us first hand into the culture of the Greek world in the eighth century B.C. It is important to note that at this time very few had the privilege of an education, and lacked the skill to read andRead MoreEssay on The Simpsons1474 Words   |  6 PagesThe Simpsons The Simpsons is an original, satirical American sitcom cartoon, which is shown all over the world and appeals to a wide range of audiences with its unique, yet basic form of humour. It stereotypes and satirises the typical American lower middle class family. With its simple plots, exaggerated situations, unrealistic scenarios, lurid colours, humour, animation and familiar pattern, it is a typical cartoon but with an original twist. This makes it like noRead MoreMasculinity In Homers Odyssey1655 Words   |  7 PagesHomer’s Odyssey is an epic tale set in the world of ancient Greece - a world dominated by men. Admirable men such as Odysseus, the story’s protagonist, are strong, cunning, and wise; they have control over their lives and the people within them. In The Odyssey, the quintessential man is characterized by his authority, including control of the women who surround him. As is suggested throughout the novel, the patriarchal world would fall into disarray without the force of intrinsic male authority.Read MoreOdysseus - a Different Type of Hero1225 Words   |  5 PagesOdysseus Ââ€" A Different Type of Hero The Homeric epic, the Odyssey, is set in the peaceful years following the Trojan War, and concerns the returning heroes on their journeys home, in particular Odysseus of Ithaca. Odysseus is an epic hero; he displays courage, superior strength, and leadership, all qualities that people admire. While displaying these archetypal heroic traits he also displays his weaknesses as a man, particularly his excessive pride, which actually make him easy to relate to. SoRead MoreOdysseuss Appearance in The Odyssey and the Iliad1416 Words   |  6 Pages In the works we have read so far there are many characters that show up more than once. These characters demonstrate the thoughts of the author they were written by. We can find information about Greek culture by analyzing the different texts that characters show up in. I am going to argue that Odysseus is a smart, versatile, and cunning character that shows a different type of masculinity than is portrayed by other characters. The first text that gives Odysseus a major role is the Iliad. WhenRead MoreEssay on Winslow Homer: Masters of Paint611 Words   |  3 Pages(Hodge 126). Quoted by the master American realism artist, Winslow Homer was skilled in the art of realism. He painted only what he observed from nature and his surroundings. Homer’s styles, mediums and subjects helped him create the artwork that he was so famous for. Probably his most famous painting, The Snap of the Whip is painted by Homer with incredible realism and accomplishment. As seen through his many landscapes, Winslow Homer enjoyed painting and studying the glorious nature that surroundedRead MoreThe Odyssey An Epic Poem1418 Words   |  6 PagesThe Odyssey an epic poem that has stood the test of time as history is made. Homer made a story as raptured almost everyone who reads it. Even the most trivial characters seem to serve some important role later in the epic poem. Yet it seems that the meaning of this great piece of fiction changes with the changing desires of society. Yet one thing that Homer puts in every corner of the book stays the same with the test of time. The misfortune that hangs like the sword of Damocles over each characters’

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

How Hitler Started World War II - 627 Words

Although Hitler’s motives were more clear towards the end of World War II, Adolf did tackle the unemployment and stimulate Germany’s failing economy. Once Hitler became Chancellor of Germany on January 30th, 1933 The economic policy for Hitler’s regime involved large scale borrowing for public expenditures which created railroads, canals, and the Autobahnen or the German highway network. The result of Hitler’s economic policy was more effective against unemployment than any other country. By late 1935 , unemployment was almost eliminated and by 1936 high income was pulling up prices or making it possible to raise them. By the late 1930s Germany had full employment at stable prices. This was, in the industrial world, a unique achievement. Hitler was able to anticipate modern economic policy as well, he recognized that a rapid approach to full employment is only possible if it was combined with wage and price controls. A nation oppressed by economic fears wo uld not fare well for Hitler’s endeavors. Two days after Hitler took office as Chancellor, Adolf addressed the nation by radio and had proclaimed that the new government would â€Å"achieve the great task of reorganizing our nation’s economy by means of two great four-year plans. The German farmer must be rescued to maintain the nation’s food supply and, in consequence, the nation’s vital foundation. The German worker will be saved from ruin with a concerted and all-embracing attack against unemployment.† Hitler continued toShow MoreRelatedWorld War II And Its Impact On The World1593 Words   |  7 Pagesto mind when you hear about World War II? Is it how it greatly affected different societies or how scary it is to think that a terrorist like Hitler gained so much power over so many countries? Well, the real question that we should be really thinking and learning about is what is World War II about? In general, World War II was a war that involv ed many countries that started after the First World War. It started in 1939 and ended during 1945. It was a very important war to all people, involving manyRead MoreWorld War II : A Very Historical Event For Our Nation1266 Words   |  6 PagesWorld War II By: Zara Maloney World War II was a very historical event for our nation and many others. It contributed to many things in today’s society, from military tactics to the way nations forge their government. World War II started in the year 1939, and ended in the year 1945. So many tragic things happened during so such as killings, rape, and torture which is what helps make our world what it is today. Europe was very unstable after World War I when Hitler came into power of GermanyRead MoreWorld War II : The Great Depression1543 Words   |  7 PagesDamon American History II 10:00 MWF 25 April 2016 World War II Two decades after the first World War happen another world war occurred known as World War II. There were many causes that led up to this war. The Treaty of Versailles ended World War I, but Germany had to accept the responsibility of the war. Therefore, Germany economy went downhill and people were starving because of war debt. The Great Depression had a big effect on a lot of countries; therefore, countries started adopting fascism. FascismRead MoreThe Impacts of Adolf Hitler1199 Words   |  5 PagesWhat impacts did Hitler have at the time and later in history? The start of World War II was one of the biggest impacts. There were many countries involved in this war. The major countries under the allies were Britain, France, U.S., Soviet Union, and under the axis also had major countries like the Germany, japan, and Italy. The Germany was at its peak. And it was all because of one man, Adolf Hitler, he was one of the most dominant German leaders in history, no doubt about that. Ot her great leadersRead MoreThe Impacts of Adolf Hitler Essay1495 Words   |  6 PagesWhat impacts did Hitler have at the time and later in history? The start of World War II was one of the biggest impacts. There were many countries involved in this war. The major countries under the allies were Britain, France, U.S., Soviet Union, and under the axis also had major countries like the Germany, japan, and Italy. The Germany was at its peak. And it was all because of one man, Adolf Hitler, he was one of the most dominant German leaders in history, no doubt about that. Other superiorRead MoreA Dystopian Society Is An Imbalance Between The Government And The People Essay1372 Words   |  6 Pages Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany Luigi Zavala Ms. Underhill 6 HELA 21 November 2016 Thesis Statement: A dystopian society is an imbalance between the government and the people and how their choices affect the society in a bad way; Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Germany is a very good example of a dystopian society. By analyzing Nazi Germany and Hitler’s tyranny, one can notice Adolf’s changes in Germany, his impacts on people, and how the genres of literature can be taught throughRead MoreThe Treaty Of Versailles Ended World War I1708 Words   |  7 Pages The Second World War took approximately 50,000,000 to 60,000,000 lives (â€Å"World War II†). But this total does not include the millions not accounted for, many of them infants. The war had many causes, but the vast fault lay on a piece of writing from twenty years before the war even started. The Treaty of Versailles ended World War I but instigated the events that led up to World War II. Because the treaty of Versailles was so harsh on Germany, the effects of those terms allowed the Nazi partyRead MoreLord Of The Flies By William Golding1123 Words   |  5 PagesIn the novel Lord of The Flies by William Golding, the characters Ralph, Piggy, and Jack represent important World War II leaders Franklin Roosevelt, Adolf Hitler, and Winston Churchill. Golding, who had served in World War II, was well aware of the savagery created, and used it to base his book on. Ralph represents Franklin Roosevelt , Jack represents Adolf Hitler, and Piggy represents Winston Churchill. Ralph be ing of the novel’s main protagonist is important in the outcome of the story becauseRead MoreThe World War I And The Rise Of Germany801 Words   |  4 PagesWorld War II plays a very important part in the history of the world. It still has effects that we deal with today. So, what events could have possibly started such a monumental world war? Well, the events are: World War I, Great Depression, expansion of imperialism, Versailles Treaty, and the rise of Germany. This was a dangerous chain reaction of events that lead to the devastating effects of the war. What really set the tone for the start World War II was actually the effects World War I itselfRead MoreUnited States And Soviet Union1221 Words   |  5 PagesFollowing World War II there was a lot of tension between two of the Allied countries. The United States and the Soviet Union were in a state of political and military tension with each other. Opposing ideologies on how to deal with the world’s affairs post World War II fueled this rivalry but there was always a tension between the two countries. World War II, with its common goal, brought these two countries together as allies. With Hitler and the Nazis threating their way of living these two countries

What Exactly Is the American Dream Free Essays

Aysia S. Bertrand What Exactly is the American Dream? The word â€Å"American Dream’’ is something that all Americans think about having every day. The â€Å"American Dream† can be used in many ways like having the dream job you always wanted, living a perfect and happy life, or owning a well money making business. We will write a custom essay sample on What Exactly Is the American Dream or any similar topic only for you Order Now Depending on how each person visualizes his or her â€Å"American Dream† determines whether he or she sees success or failure. The â€Å"American Dream† as something each individual would go through and not let anyone or anything stand in the way to achieve that dream. In my opinion the â€Å"American Dream† is like a goal. A goal one must follow to accomplish ones dream, whether it is a short or long term goal. The â€Å"American Dream† is what makes the society, because everybody is trying to make it to the top of being the best they can be. Determination, motivation, and patience can lead to a successful American Dream,† however, giving up, laziness, and lack of knowledge due to failure will keep one from achieving that dream. Determination is the act or an instance of making a decision. It is a choice one has to make in achieving into that â€Å"American Dream. † If it is something one must have; for example, a big time promotion of being a manager or finding a cure for cancer, then he or she should go out of their way to be successful in achieving ones â€Å"American Dream. † Motivation is the reason one has for acting or behaving in a particular way. In this case one might need motivation in achieving the â€Å"American Dream† it is an incentive. If there is somebody one really trusts or who he or she can really count on to help and motivate them in to achieving that â€Å"American Dream† then when the time has come that â€Å"American Dream† will be rewarded to he or she for their hard work all because of the motivation he or she is getting. By receiving that â€Å"American Dream† ones need to have patience, the capacity to accept or tolerate delay, trouble, or suffering without getting angry or upset. To succeed at anything one must have patience and persistence. It requires hard work, persistence and a desire for something better, by having those qualities and the desire and ambition to carry the important part of the â€Å"American Dream. † Sometimes in getting the success in the â€Å"American Dream† one must have to be patience in order for that special dream to come a reality. The â€Å"American Dream† might not come till one least expected it. The â€Å"American Dream† might come the next day or it will probably come in two years or so. One must have patience in order be successful in achieving at getting the â€Å"American Dream. Individuals who are giving up, Laziness, and lack of knowledge will lead one into failure from achieving ones dream. When giving up on anything that is trying to help one achieve a successful â€Å"American Dream† most likely he or she is leading into the road of failure. Giving up is not going to get an individual anywhere. If your lazy one is not going to get anything acco mplish whatever that â€Å"American Dream† might be to him or her will not be fulfilled. If one is trying to get a decent job he or she is not going to sit around waiting for the job to come to them. They are going to do whatever it takes to get that â€Å"American Dream† job. Success only comes to those who prepare well and put in effort. Having lack of knowledge can stop one from achieving the â€Å"American Dream† because without having an education it is kind of hard to achieve anything in life especially if one trying is to get a good paying job. Everybody needs to be educated if one is trying to achieve the â€Å"American Dream. † Education will always be the number one key to success. Martin Luther King Jr. tates in she speech,† I say to you today, my friends, that in spite of the difficulties and frustrations of the moment I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American Dream. †(691) In todays’ society, all Americans want what everyone dreams about want which is to live the â€Å"American Dream† by having a big house, dream job, and living a perfect life without stress or regrets. People think they have to b e the best and have everything well organized, or they will feel that they are not getting anything accomplished in achieving the â€Å"American Dream. Similar to what is said in James A. Autry essay â€Å"If the â€Å"organization† does not exist in the minds and hearts of the people, it does not exist. No chart can fix that. An organization’s function is simple: to provide a framework, a format a context in which people can effectively use resources to accomplish their goals. † (136-137) Many Individuals should always follow the dream that they desire the most, follow that dream until it is accomplished. Some individuals see the â€Å"American Dream† as determining whether he or she sees his or hers as a success or failure. Determination, motivation, and patience can lead one to a successful â€Å"American Dream. † Works Cited Autry, James A. â€Å"Irrevent Thoughts About Organization Charts. † The literature of Work. Ed. Sheila E. Murphy, John G. Sperling, and John D. Murphy. Phoenix: U of Phoenix P, 1991. 136-137. Print. King, Martin Luther, Jr. â€Å"I Have a Dream. † Comp. Jean Wyrick. Steps to writing Well with Additional Readings. 8th ed. Boston: Wadsworth, 2011. 691. Print. How to cite What Exactly Is the American Dream, Papers

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Transtheoretical Model of Change Essay Example For Students

Transtheoretical Model of Change Essay Addictive disorders can have a substantial detrimental impact on individual adults, as well as children and families. One need only attend a juvenile court, a family court, as well as criminal courts and, at times, civil proceedings to hear the details of how alcohol, cocaine, marijuana, methamphetamine, some other substance, or any combination of the above resulted negatively on the existence of humankind. Over the past decade, the addiction treatment field has made substantial progress in identifying new techniques to deal with this problem. This paper will discuss the Transtheoretical Model of Change (TTM), which has had a substantial impact on addiction therapy. The TTM has proven successful with their wide variety of simple and complex health behaviors, including smoking cessation, weight control, exercise acquisition, and narcotics addiction. The TTM has found that individuals move through a series of five stages (pre-contemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance) in the adoption of healthy behaviors or cessation of unhealthy ones. We will write a custom essay on Transtheoretical Model of Change specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The TTM uses the stages of change to integrate cognitive and behavioral processes and principles of change, including 10 processes of change, pros and cons (i. e. , the benefits and costs of changing), and self-efficacy (i. e. , confidence in ones ability to change), all of which have demonstrated reliability and consistency in describing and predicting movement through the stages. These stages apply regardless of whether the individual is attempting to adopt a healthy, adaptive behavior or stop an unhealthy, maladaptive behavior ( Prochaska 39-46) . A brief description of each stage follows. Pre-contemplation is the stage in which an individual has no intent to change behavior in the near future, usually measured as the next six months. Precontemplators are often characterized as resistant or unmotivated intend to avoid information, discussion, or thought regard the targeted health behavior (Prochaska, Velicer 38-48). Contemplation is the stage in which individuals openly state their intent to change with the next six months. However, this stated intent does ot mean the individual is going to engage in any action. The person in this stage is more aware of the benefits of changing, but remains keenly aware of the costs. Contemplators are often seen as ambivalent to change or as procrastinators (Prochaska, Velicer 38-48). Preparation is the stage in which individuals intend to take steps to change, usually with the next month. Preparation is viewed as a transition rather than a stable change, with individuals intending progress to Action in the next 30 days (Prochaska, Velicer 38-48). Action is the stage in which an individual has made overt, perceptible lifestyle modifications for fewer than six months (Prochaska, Velicer 38-48). . Maintenance is the stage in which the individual is working to prevent relapse and consolidate gains secured during Action. Maintainers are distinguishable from those in the Action stage and they report the highest levels of self-efficacy and are less frequently in the relapse (Prochaska, Velicer 38-48). It should be noted that these phases do not follow a simple linear progression. Relapse is a common and expected occurrence in addiction recovery. Therefore, the stages are seen as a set of dynamically interacting components for which the individual will likely cycle a number of times before achieving sustained behavior change (Prochaska, Velicer 38-48). Works Cited Prochaska, J. O. 13. Stages of Change and Decisional Balance for 12 Problem Behaviors. 39-46. Print. New York: Farrar 1994 Prochaska, J. O. , and W. F. Velicer. 12. The Transtheoretical Model of Health Behavior Change. 38-48. Print. New York: Cassell 1997

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Apple Companys Problems

Apple Companys Problems Brief History of Apple Inc Apple Computer Company was founded by Steve Jobs and Steve Woziniak in 1976 after they had dropped out of school. They were working in a family garage in California where they decided to come up with a computer circuit board which they called Apple 1. They made more than two hundred units within a few months after starting.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Apple Companys Problems specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In order to boost their new business, they decided to incorporate a new partner who was more experienced for them to attract venture capital. The aim of these two entrepreneurs was to introduce into the market a computer that was easy to use and they came up with Apple II in 1978. There endeavors led to a complete revolution in the PC industry raising the sales to 1$ billion in less than three years. The company became one of the most successful dealers in computers with high sales u ntil they launched their IPO in 1980. However, the company started experiencing problems with its sales falling in the recent years. This problem is compounded by the entry of other players in the PC market such as windows 7 which started pushing Apple further (Yoffie and Kim 2). This essay will discuss some of the problems Apple has been facing and how they could possibly be solved. Competition and Marketing Problem in Apple Inc One of the most serious problems that apple Inc is facing and which to a large extent contributes to the occasional failures of the company is a marketing problem due to stiff competition in the industry. Initially, Apple was dealing with Macintosh computers when it started facing stiff competition from other PC manufacturers such as IBM. Later on, Apple decided to shift from PC industry into mobile phone industry. The company wanted to go beyond Macintosh computers and embrace a digital hub strategy. This shift was marked by the introduction of iPod in 200 1 and the iPhone in 2007. Later in 2010, the company introduced the iPad. After these developments the company changed its name from Apple computers to Apple Inc. one of the distinguishing features of Apple Inc iPods is the iTunes software that they incorporated (Yoffie and Kim 9). Despite the success of the iTunes Apple Inc has enjoyed, it has had strained relationships with content companies. These companies are in strong opposition of the fact that Apple Inc has dominated the digital music market and its structure of fixed prices. In addition, music labels are seeing the threat posed by Apple Inc because there high priced CDs are being faced out of the market. Apple Inc faces strong competition from online music stores such as Napster, and which often inconveniences the marketing strategies of company.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More These online music stores have been offering music downloads at discounted prices. Some music labels have been allowing music stores to sell DRM free music. For example, MySpace which is a social network has been networking with other music labels to come up with its own music service. This increases the competition hence forcing Apple Inc to start looking for new marketing strategies in order to remain relevant in the market. In addition to the music services provided by social networks which pose a threat to Apple Inc, the company has also experienced another challenge coming from internet radio sites such as and Pandora which offer free streaming services. Other companies like Nokia started offering music services with their phones. The impact of this competition is that it forces Apple Inc to diversify its marketing strategies and look for new products which is costly for the company. For instance, in response to these threats the company had to buy which is a music streaming service in 2009. This raised speculations from the competitors that Apple Inc had intentions of coming up with a new model of storing digital music. The entry into mobile phone industry for Apple is a risky endeavor because there are strong competitors with remarkable experience in the industry. The products also have a short life span and sophistication in technology of which apple Inc has little experience in. there is also a strong challenge in distribution since some of the distributors already in the market such as Vodafone are formidable. This makes the marketing strategies for Apple Inc challenging (Yoffie and Kim 9) Proposed Solution for the problems The marketing problem facing Apple Inc as result of increased competition can be handled through intensive market research and analysis. Apple Inc should be very keen on identifying the strategies and moves being used by its rivals. Apart from observing the rivals, the company should conduct continued market research a nd identify what the customers require in order to satisfy them. Through proper knowledge of what the customers need and the strategies being used by the competitors, the company will be able to apply the requisite innovativeness in coming bringing into the market new products. The company should also strife to invest a lot in its distribution strategies to ensure that the competitors do not take advantage of its poor distribution strategies. Current Situation of Apple Inc Despite the problems that have occasionally bedeviled Apple Inc causing the company to drop its sales in various times, the company is now doing well. The introduction of its latest devices like the iPhone and the iPad recently has seen the company grow tremendously. In October 2010, the shares of the company rose very high which is an indication that it is doing fine.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Apple Companys Problems specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn Mor e In the same year, the company also opened the Mac App Store for distributing digital applications. The market capitalization of the company went beyond that of Microsoft this year and it was rated as the brand with the highest value in consumer facing issues. By July of 2011, the reserves of the company had gone beyond those of the US government (Apple Press Info 10) Apple Press Info. Apple Reports Second Quarter Results. 2011. Web. Yoffie, David and Renee Kim. Apple Inc in 2010. 2011. Web.15 Aug 2011.

Sunday, March 1, 2020

Strong Acid Definition and Examples

Strong Acid Definition and Examples A strong acid is an acid that is completely dissociated or ionized in an aqueous solution. It is a chemical species with a high capacity to lose a proton, H. In water, a strong acid loses one proton, which is captured by water to form the hydronium ion: HA(aq) H2O → H3O(aq) A−(aq) Diprotic and polyprotic acids may lose more than one proton, but the strong acid pKa value and reaction only refers to the loss of the first proton. Strong acids have a small logarithmic constant (pKa) and a large acid dissociation constant (Ka). Most strong acids are corrosive, but some of the superacids are not corrosive. In contrast, some of the weak acids (e.g., hydrofluoric acid) may be highly corrosive. Note: As acid concentration increases, the ability to dissociate diminishes. Under normal conditions in water, strong acids dissociate completely, but extremely concentrated solutions do not. Examples of Strong Acids While there are many weak acids, there are few strong acids. The common strong acids include: HCl (hydrochloric acid)H2SO4 (sulfuric acid)HNO3 (nitric acid)HBr (hydrobromic acid)HClO4 (perchloric acid)HI (hydroiodic acid)p-toluenesulfonic acid (an organic soluble strong acid)methanesulfonic acid (a liquid organic strong acid) The following acids dissociate almost completely in water, so they are often considered to be strong acids, although they are not more acidic than the hydronium ion, H3O. HNO3Â  (nitric acid)HClO3Â  (chloric acid) Some chemists consider the hydronium ion, bromic acid, periodic acid, perbromic acid, and periodic acid to be strong acids. If the ability to donate protons is used as the primary criterion for acid strength, then the strong acids (from strongest to weakest) would be: H[SbF6]Â  (fluoroantimonic acid)FSO3HSbF5Â  (magic acid)H(CHB11Cl11)Â  (carborane superacid)FSO3HÂ  (fluorosulfuric acid)CF3SO3HÂ  (triflic acid) These are the superacids, which are defined as acids that are more acidic than 100% sulfuric acid. The superacids permanently protonate water. Factors That Determine Acid Strength You may be wondering why the strong acids dissociate so well, or why certain weak acids do not completely ionize. A few factors come into play: atomic radius - As the atomic radius increases, so does acidity. For example, HI is a stronger acid than HCl (iodine is a larger atom than chlorine).electronegativity - The more electronegative a conjugate base in the same period of the periodic table is (A-), the more acidic it is.electrical charge - The more positive the charge on an atom, the higher its acidity. In other words, its easier to take a proton from a neutral species than from one with a negative charge.equilibrium - When an acid dissociates, equilibrium is reached with its conjugate base. In the case of strong acids, the equilibrium strongly favors the product or is to the right of a chemical equation. The conjugate base of a strong acid is much weaker than water as a base.solvent - In most applications, strong acids are discussed in relation to water as a solvent. However, acidity and basicity have meaning in nonaqueous solvent. For example, in liquid ammonia, acetic acid ionizes completely and may be considered a str ong acid, even though it is a weak acid in water.

Friday, February 14, 2020

The Intelligence Cycle Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

The Intelligence Cycle - Essay Example It involves "Drawing up specific collection requirements, and.finished intelligence which supports policy decisions" (FAS "The Intelligence Cycle").This is the same standard of prioritizing which is applied to many other government bodies. Each year, there is an annual assessment and analysis of these priorities. This is otherwise called the intelligence 'Process'; the beginning is a threat assessment, which suggests sources of collection, the next stage. In this planning stage, these is an assessment of the balance between respect for others rights, and the need for the investigation. In short, Planning and Direction are involved in the beginnings and the endings of the process of intelligence gathering. The end results of the gathering for this section may also cause the beginnings of the another Intelligence cycle. relationships" (FBI "The Intelligence Cycle"). These sources do not need to be discovered by wire-tapping, or surveillance, but may be obtained through what are known as 'open sources' - the internet is one famous example of an open source being used in an intelligence investigation. Not all gatherers are direct security operatives - in Canada, for example, some of them are "Security Liasion Officers (SLOs) posted at Canadian diplomatic" (CSIS "Security Intelligence Cycle"), as well as public, agents from other Security Services. Collection is the term for basic information provided by Security services of a government agent. Processing Processing is the method by which the basic information collected in the last part of the cycle is converted into useful information there are a number of methods "Decryption, language translations, and data reduction" (FBI "The Intelligence Cycle") As well as processing this data, rather like rolling pasty, the analyst will input the data into computer networks, databases, and other areas where this information can be used. Processing whittles the information into useful pieces, which are then inserted into databases to be analysed. Analysis The information which has been collected and processed is now studied by intelligence experts, and then is used to prepare a report based around the information. This process is seen by the FBI as "Integrating, evaluating, and analyzing available data" (FBI "The Intelligence Cycle"). This information in integrated, and the experts decide whether the information is worth anything, and connecting the dots by tying up different pieces of processed information, and drawing conclusions. Analysis involves creating reports and threat assessments. Dissemination The information, now gathered, processed and analyzed, is sent out to other agencies, and also to intelligence operatives. "The FBI disseminates information in three standard formats: Intelligence information Reports (IIRs), FBI Intelligence Bulletines, and FBI Intelligence Assessments" (FBI "The Intelligence Cycle"). The reports which have been created are sent out, both internally, and externally, to the media and to the public. Other bodies use these reports to establish the safety of the public,